超级跑跑 雪女的国度 插曲
"When I boarded the Shenzhou-5 spacecraft for the first time, I couldn’t help feeling excited, I decide that I must fly it."------said by Yang Liwei
Colonel Yang Liwei is an astronaut, and he is also a member of the Astronaut Team of the People’s Liberation Army.
Born on June 21st,1965 in a teather’s family in Suizhong Country of Liaoning Province,Yang Liwei had a happy childhood with his parents.Not only was he a good student in school,but he also had a gift for math.He won a lot of math competition prizes.After graduating from middle school,Yang Liwei continued his studies at the No.8 Aviation College of the Air Force of the People’s Liberation Army.He studied very hard and graduated with a Bachelor’s degree.Later,hebecame a fighter pilot.
Several years later,because of his excellent manifestaion,Yang Liwei was among 14 persons chosen from 1,500 pilots for astronaut training.Yang Liwei did very well and passed astronaut tests in 1996 and 1997.Then he became one of three astronauts for China’s first manned space flight.After a series of hard trainings and tests,Yang Liweibecame China’s first astronaut on Oct15,2003 at last.
Being the first Chinese to travel in space,Yang Liwei is a hero of our nation in our heart and mind.He devotes himself to Chinese space program.Whenever we review the moments which Yang Liwei was traveling in Shenzhou-5 in space,holding our national flag in hand, we will be proud of our country and think highly of Yang Liwei.I believe that China will make greater progress in space flight in the future.
Yang was selected as an astronaut candidate in 1998 and has trained for space flight since then. He was chosen from the final pool of 14 candidates to fly on China's first manned space mission. A former fighter pilot in the Aviation Military Unit of the PLA, he held the rank of Lieutenant Colonel at the time of his mission. He was promoted to full colonel on October 20, 2003. According to the Youth Daily, the decision had been made in advance of his spaceflight, but Yang was not made aware of it.
He was launched into space aboard his Shenzhou 5 spacecraft atop a Long March 2F rocket from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center at 09:00 CST (01:00 UTC) on October 15, 2003. Prior to his launch almost nothing was made public about the Chinese astronaut candidates; his selection for the Shenzhou 5 launch was only leaked to the media one day before the launch.
Yang punctuated his journey with regular updates on his condition — variations of "I feel good", the last coming as the capsule floated to the ground after re-entry. He spoke to his wife as the Shenzhou 5 started its eighth circuit around the Earth, assuring her from space: "I feel very good, don't worry". He ate specially designed packets of shredded pork with garlic, Kung Pao chicken and "eight treasure" rice (Simplified Chinese: 八宝饭; Traditional Chinese: 八宝饭), washed down with Chinese herbal tea. In the middle of the journey, state television broadcast footage of Yáng waving a small flag of the People's Republic of China and that of the United Nations inside his capsule.
State media said Yang's capsule was supplied with a gun, a knife and tent in case he landed in the wrong place.
Yang's craft landed in the grasslands of the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia at around 06:30 CST on October 16, 2003 (22:00 UTC), having completed 14 orbits and travelled more than 600,000 km. Yang left the capsule about 15 minutes after landing, and was congratulated by Premier Wen Jiabao.
Although the first Chinese citizen in space, Yang Liwei is not the first person of Chinese origin in space. Shanghai-born Taylor Wang flew on Space Shuttle mission STS-51-B in 1985. Wang, however, had become a United States citizen in 1975. Shannon Lucid was also born in Shanghai to American missionary parents, and Apollo 8 astronaut William A. Anders was born in Hong Kong, but neither were of Chinese ethnicity. There have also been a number of American-born Chinese astronauts sent into space by NASA.
Yang visited Hong Kong on October 31, 2003, holding talks and sharing his experiences during a six-day stay in the territory. Most observers viewed this as a propaganda visit, designed to maintain the support for the Central Government in the Special Administrative Region. The visit coincided with an exhibition that featured his reentry capsule, spacesuit and leftover food from his 21 hour mission. On November 5, he travelled to Macau.
On November 7, Yang received the title of "Space Hero" from Jiang Zemin, the Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC). He also received a badge of honour during a ceremony at the Great Hall of the People. The Chinese University of Hong Kong has given Yáng a honorary doctorate.
The asteroid 21064 Yangliwei and the fossil bird Dalingheornis liweii are named after him.
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